Formerly known as Sukla Phanta Royal Hunting Reserve, the protected area was established in 1976 as Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Tour. It is situated in the Kanchanpur district which lies in the far western region of Nepal in the Terai belt. Spanning over an area of 305 square kilometers, it gets the name ‘Sukla Phanta’ from Nepal’s largest grassland patch found inside the reserve. Before 1973, it was visited by the then royal family and elites for hunting and recreation. After the establishment of wildlife reserve, hunting has stopped and the wildlife has flourished. One third of this protected area is covered with dense forest primarily comprising Sal trees. Along with the forest, there are grasslands, wetlands and riverbeds that give shelter to a number of animals.
Royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, hispid hare, leopard and Barasingha deer are some of the rare and endangered animals that can be found inside. Altogether 46 species of mammals, 12 species of reptiles, 423 types of birds and 28 types of fish have been recorded here. Rani lake in the eastern part of the reserve is a paradise for bird lovers as it is inhabited and frequently visited by migratory birds including herons, storks and kingfishers. In this tour of Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve, you will be involved in a number of activities such as jungle safari, nature walk, bird watching and cultural programs.