Bardia National Park is the largest park in the lowland Terai, covering an area of 968 square kilometers with Sal forest and grassland. It has been established in 1988 to protect the ecosystem and is one of Asia’s largest stretches of tiger habitat. The presence of one of the largest known herds of wild elephants adds specialty to Bardia National Park.
There are healthy population of elephants and one horned Rhino along with 300 species of mammals living here. Bardia National Park has the greatest number of deer species. Chital with its ubiquitous white spots on a brown coat, Hog deer is smaller than Chital but it looks similar to Chital where Sambhar is longest Deer in Indian subcontinent with a shaggy coat and thick antlers. Swamp deer, Barasingha and reddish-colored barking deer are other eye catching attractions of this park.
Forest has been shared among small and large mammals Gaur, wild Bear, Agile Sloth Bear, Blue Bull, Himalayas Tahr. Serow and Goral can be found with small mammals Langur Monkey, Rhesus Macaque, Jackal, Mongoose species of cats, yellow-throated Marten and other animals in this national park. Two species of crocodiles swim in Karnali, Geruwa and Babai rivers. The Marsh Mugger and the fish-eating Gharial can be occasionally spotted with the fresh water Gangetic Dolphin.
Birds are the park’s most abundant fauna with over 300 resident and migratory species, including the endangered Bengal florican and sarus crane. Month of November and from February to April is good time for bird watchers when migrant species are found in abundance.